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Free images - Maple Syrup Production - Page 4

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Most of the images below were photographed at Bruce's Mill Conservation Area in Stouffville, Ontario.  
I thank the Toronto and Region Conservation for permitting me to post these images.   You can learn more about Maple Syrup Production or about visiting Bruce's Mill  by visiting Sugarbush Maple Syrup Festival.

 

 

 

maple sap vacuum tubing from tree to tree

Sap Tubing - 16

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drilling holes in maple tree bark with plastic tap spile

Sap Tubing - 17

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blue barrels collecting maple tree sap from tubing in spring

Sap Tubing - 18

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green plastic tubing collecting sap flowing from maple trees in spring

Sap Tubing - 19

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wood buckets used to collect and transport maple tree sap

Wood Buckets - 1

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In early times, wooden buckets were used to carry the sap to a large collection barrel known as a "hog head".  This large barrel was pulled on a sleigh to the central boiling location known as a "sugar shack". 

 

large wood barrel hog head used to transport maple sap on sleigh in spring

Sap Barrel - 1

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wooden hog head barrel collect maple sap in spring

Sap Barrel - 2

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native people sugar shack

Native Sugar Shack - 1

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The First Nations people would boil down the maple sap by pouring it into a hollowed out log.  They next placed hot rocks heated in a fire into the sap.  This was a popular cooking method at the time.  By continuously replacing the cooled rocks with hotter ones, the water in the sap would boil and evaporate producing a delicious syrup.

 

native people first nations cut log boil maple sap to syrup

Hollowed Log - 1

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large black iron post used to boil maple sap into syrup

Iron Pots - 1

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The early settlers used pots and boiled the sap over an open fire in a series of pots.  Later, large flat pans were used to cook the syrup since the larger heating area cooked the sap in a quicker amount of time.

 

large black pots cauldrons

Iron Pots - 2

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large black pots used to boil maple sap

Iron Pots - 3

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Boiling maple syrup in cast iron black pots.

Cooking Syrup - 1

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Boiling maple syrup over fire.

Cooking Syrup - 2

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Pots of maple syrup boiling over fire.

Cooking Syrup - 3

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Maple syrup boiling in black iron pot.

Cooking Syrup - 4

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Boiling maple sap into syrup over fire in black iron pots.

Cooking Syrup - 5

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Maple Syrup Production Image Pages  [1]   [2]   [3]   [4]   [5] 

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Our Natural World
MAPLE SYRUP
PRODUCTION
"Sugaring"

Do you need a slide presentation about the production of Maple Syrup?

You can download many presentations on various nature topics from the FreeTiiuPix Slide Presentation Gallery.

 

 

Size: 21,693 KB

Type: Microsoft ® Office PowerPoint

# of Slides: 39

Appropriate for grades: 
3 - 12

 

 

 

Description:

This presentation will teach students about the process of making maple syrup. Students will learn that maple syrup is made from the sap of a Maple tree and that the process is known as “sugaring”.

The history of syrup making is introduced. It was the First Nations people of North America who discovered “sinsibuckwud” which in Algonquin means “drawn from wood” and who used syrup as a food source and as a medicine. Maple sugar was the first kind of sugar produced in North America and remained the standard sweetener until 1875 when cane sugar became available.

Statistics about syrup production will show that Canada produces about 85% or the world’s maple syrup and that the Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) contains the highest concentration of sugar and produces a syrup with the best flavour.

Students will review Photosynthesis and the process by which trees accumulate starch. Included is information about the sugaring off season and how rising daytime temperatures cause pressure within the maple trees resulting in a flow of sap within the tree.

Slides show how large maple trees must be before they can be “tapped”, how holes are drilled in trees, how many taps may be drilled into each tree, and how quickly a tree heals the tap holes. Students will view a slice of a tree trunk, known as a “cookie” to see healed tap holes.

Photographs show both metal and plastic taps/spikes as well as the use of metal buckets and plastic vacuum tubing currently in use to capture sap flow.

Students will view exhibits from the Bruce’s Mill Conservation Area Sugar Bush demonstrating new and old methods of sap collection and production. Old pots in which to evaporate sap water can be viewed as well as a modern “sugar shack” with stainless steel evaporators.

The presentation ends with some fun facts about sugaring. Did you know that sap does not flow during the night and that it takes 40 buckets of sap to make 1 bucket of syrup?

New terms: sugaring, photosynthesis, starch, sap, taps, spiles, sugar bush, sugar shack, hog head, evaporator, run.

Created by:

Tiiu Roiser BAA, BEd 
&
Kevin Chorowiec OCT, BAS, BEd

 

 

 

 

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