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Free images of Vegetables - Peppers

Note on large files:  Very large files may be bigger than your screen.  
Right click on any portion of the image showing and chose "save as". 

Thank you to Michael-Angelo's Market Place
for allowing me to photograph their produce.



Welcome to the spicy world of peppers !

Peppers were domesticated in Mexico as early as 6,000 years ago.  They were used in tropical SA as a spice to disguise the taste of bland foods.  There are hundreds of pepper cultivars which are classified as either sweet or hot.  All bell peppers belong to the species Capsicum annuum while hot peppers may belong to several other species.

The pungency or heat of a pepper depends on alkaloids or capsaicinoids.  Peppers are measured according to the "Scoville Heat Index" and reported in Scoville heat units (SHU).  The Scoville unit was named after Wilbur Scoville who in 1912 developed a test called the "Scoville Organoleptic Test" to measure a pepper's heat.  Measurements are divided into multiples of 100.  

Capsaicin is the chemical within peppers that makes them spicy.  The Scoville Heat Units represent the number of times the capsaicin within the pepper would have to be diluted before it would be undetectable.  At the time, peppers were ground up and mixed with sugar water.  They were tested by humans who tasted the sugar-water-pepper solutions.  Scoville diluted the solutions until they no longer burned the tongues of the tasters.

Banana peppers have a Scoville Heat Unit of 500 which means that the capsaicin found in the Banana pepper would have to be diluted 500 times before it would have no spiciness at all.

At the bottom of the Scoville scale are mild peppers such as Sweet Bell Peppers.  In the middle of the scale are peppers such as Yellow Hot Wax Peppers.  At the top of the scale are the hottest of peppers - Carolina Reaper.

Did you know...

In the early 1980's peppers were measured by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) which measures the pepper's heat producing chemicals.  The measurements are still expressed in Scoville units.


Scoville Pepper Scale - Student handout

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Download as 370 KB pdf here


Did you know....

that hot and bell peppers can be harvested in the immature green stage or when fully ripe?  Peppers can be eaten fresh, pickled, frozen, dried or used in sauces.



Pepper Image Categories In Alphabetical Order

Common Name(s) Image Scoville Heat Units Description
Banana Pepper, also known as the Yellow Wax Pepper or Banana Chili

Variety:  Medium-sized member of the chili pepper family.
Fruit description:  Has a mild, tangy taste. Fruit is 2-3 inches in length and resembles a banana.
Colour:  Bright yellow but may change to green, red or orange as fruit ripens.
Bell Pepper;
Sweet Pepper 

The most common sweet pepper.
Fruit description:  3-6 inches in length.
Colour:  Varieties come in red, green, yellow, orange, purple and brown.

Chili, Chile or Chilli Peppers


There are many varieties of chili peppers.  These are images of unidentified red chili peppers.
Cubanelle, also known as "Cuban Pepper".

Variety:  A sweet pepper in Capsicum annuum species.
Colour:  Unripe light yellowish-green.  Bright red when ripe.
Hot Cherry Pepper
5,000 - 15,000 (medium)
Note that there is also a sweet variety.
Fruit description:  Usually round, but sometimes  have a triangular shape.  Often used in pickling.  1-2 inches long.
Colour: Green ripening to red.
Hot Portugal Peppers 
Variety:  Capsicum annuum species.
Fruit description:  Sturdy upright plants produce heavy yields in early growing season.  Fruits grow to be 6 inches or longer.
Colour:  Green changing to red.
Hungarian Wax Pepper is a hot variety of a Banana Pepper.  Also known as Hot Banana Pepper.

1.000 - 15,000 
Variety:  Medium variety of Capsicum annuum 
Fruit description:  4-6 inches in length and tapers to a rounded point.  Similar in appearance to Banana Peppers.
Colour:  Matures from light yellow to orange to red.
Jalapeño Peppers
Known as Chipotle when dried.

2,55 - 8,000
The name comes from the capital of Veracruz in Mexico Jalapa (also spelled Xalapa).  When dried and smoked is called a Chipotle Chile.
Variety:  Cultivar of Capsicum annuum species.
Fruit description:  A medium-sized chili pepper 5-19 cm with smooth flesh.
Colour:  Picked and consumed while green, but fully ripe are red.
Jwala Finger Hot Chili Peppers, also known as Long Finger Peppers and Green Finger Peppers

Fruit description:  The Jwala is the most popular chile in India.  Jwala means "Volcano" in Hindi.  About 4 inches in lenth, peppers have wrinkled skin and resemble a slightly curved finger.
Colour:  Green peppers ripen to red.
Poblano Pepper  
When dried, it is called "ancho" or "chile ancho".

1,000 - 2,000
Variety:  A chili pepper in Capsicum annuum species.
Fruit description:  A mild chili pepper originating from the state of Puebla, Mexico.  Occasionally they can have significant heat.  Fruits are 3-6 inches long and 2-3 inches wide.
Colour:  Immature poblano is dark purplish green, mature fruits turn a very dark red.
Scotch Bonnet Pepper

100,000 - 350,000

Fruit description:  This pepper is a cultivar of the Habanero pepper.

Colour:  Brightly coloured Jamaican hot chiles typically red or yellow when fully ripe.


Sweet Cherry Peppers are also called Pimentos 



 Note that some varieties of the cherry peppers are hot.

Variety:  A sweet pepper in Capsicum annuum species.
Fruit description:  Slightly heart- shaped.  3-4 inches long and 2-3 in wide. 
Colour:  Red 

Sweet Italianelli Peppers



Variety:  Capsicum annuum species.
Fruit description:  Small are under 2 inches in length.  Medium, 4-6 inches.
Colour:  Green changing to red.
Sweet Sheppard Peppers are also known as Super Shepherd Peppers and Poivron Marconi (French)


Fruit description:  A large pepper that grows from 7-10 inches in length and may be 7.5 inches wide.  These peppers taste very much like standard sweet red bell peppers and have the same thickness and colour but are somewhat juicier.  1 Shepherd Pepper = 2 standard-sized red bell peppers.

Colour:  Ripen from green to red.


Small yellow red peppers on pepper plant in garden.

Pepper Plant - 1   Possibly Cherry Peppers ?

Medium - 640 x 480  Right click on above image and chose "save as".

Large - 3879 x 2909  -  High resolution image now only available by email.



Small red peppers on garden plant.

Pepper Plant - 2  Possibly Cherry Peppers ?

Medium - 640 x 480  Right click on above image and chose "save as".

Large - 4297 x 3223  -  High resolution image now only available by email.


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Fruits & 

Fruits are the fleshy edible part of a plant that contains its seeds. Most people think that rhubarb is a fruit, but technically, rhubarb is a vegetable.

Vegetables are plants that are cultivated for their edible parts which include roots, stems, leaves or flowers.  Therefore, a zucchini is botanically a fruit, but is used as a vegetable.




"Anyone can count 
the number of seeds 
in an apple, 
but only God 
can count 
the number of 
apples in a seed."

~ Robert H. Schuller ~





"Might it be,
that the produce manager is more important to your children's health 
than is the pediatrician?"

~ Meryl Streep ~





"Let my words,
like vegetables,
be tender and sweet,
for tomorrow,
I may have to 
eat them."

~ Author Unknown ~





"An onion can make
people cry,
but there's no
 that can 
make them laugh."

~ Anonymous ~





Have you heard of the 
garlic diet?

Although you don't
lose much weight,
from a distance,
your friends think
you look thinner!





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