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Free images related to Architecture
Timber (Wood) Bridges

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Timber (Wood)  Bridge

A wooden or timber bridge is one that uses timber or wood as its main structural material.  Depending upon your location, wood is a relatively easy material to obtain, so it makes sense that the earliest of bridges were built using this material.  Quite often, logs were placed over rivers to allow for passage.

Covered bridges made of wood are built atop bridges to form a tunnel.

 

Allegany State Park New York covered wood bridge Thomas Kelly

Allegany Covered Bridge - 1
Thomas L. Kelly Covered Bridge photographed in Allegany State Park, NY State.

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Kapellbrücke - Chapel Bridge - Lucerne, Switzerland - 1
Photographed 2004

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The Kapellbrücke bridge (Chapel Bridge) is a covered wooden footbridge located in Lucerne, Switzerland.  The bridge was named after the nearby St. Peter's Chapel.

Built in 1333, the Kapellbrücke is the oldest wooden covered bridge in Europe and the world's oldest surviving truss bridge.  The Kapellbrücke almost burned down in 1993 - two-thirds of its interior paintings were destroyed.  It was reconstructed in 1994.

 

Kapellbrücke - Chapel Bridge - Lucerne, Switzerland - 2
Photographed 2004

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wood bridge over stream

Wooden Bridge - 1

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crooked wooden bridge

Wooden Bridge - 2

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floating wood walkway over marsh

Floating Bridge - 1

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floating wood walkway over marsh with look out

Floating Bridge - 2

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floating wood walkway crossing marsh

Floating Bridge - 3

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floating bridge over marsh

Floating Bridge - 4

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Newfield Covered Bridge

Newfield Bridge - 1
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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The Newfield Covered Bridge

The Newfield Covered Bridge , located in Tompkins County , New York State, was built between 1851 and 1853 (restored in 1972).  It is the oldest covered bridge in daily use in the State and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 

Why does it look like the bridge is leaning?  The design of the bridge is called the Town lattice pattern (patented in 1820 and 1835 by Connecticut architect Ithiel Town ).  The distinctive diamond pattern  joins planks with wooden pins called trunnels, in a lattice pattern.  This framework is an uninterrupted series of crisscross diagonals. The “town lattice truss” are pinned together with trunnels or “tree nails”.   This type of architecture was popular in the 1800’s since there was an abundance of inexpensive timber.  The timber covered bridges were also known as “timber tunnels” and became places for social gatherings. 

What was the idea behind a covered bridge?  It was more economical to reroof a covered bridge every 20 years or so, than to build a new unroofed bridge.  The roof protected the flooring from the elements.


Newfield Covered Bridge in New York State

Newfield Bridge - 2
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Town Lattice Truss on Newfield Covered Bridge

Newfield Bridge - 3
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Many covered bridges are built according to a bridge design called the Town Lattice Truss which was patented in 1820 and 1835.  Planks are joined together in a lattice pattern which is a series of crisscross diagonals.

Roof beams of Newfield Covered Bridge

Newfield Bridge - 4
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Red covered bridge in New York State

Newfield Bridge - 5
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Wood covered bridge New York State

Newfield Bridge - 6
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Of the more than 250 covered bridges that the State of New York used to have, the Newfield Covered Bridge is the oldest bridge in daily use today and one of the 25 authentic bridges still left.

 

Wooden pins nails trunnels securing Town Lattice Truss

Newfield Bridge - 7
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Note the wooden pins or tree nails called "trunnels" securing the Town Lattice Truss.  

 

Interior of Newfield Covered Bridge New York

Newfield Bridge - 8
Photographed in Tompkins County, New York State

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Wooden Bridge Image Pages  [1]  [2] 

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Architecture

Architecture is the process and product achieved - a building or a structure - through plan, design & construction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

"There are three forms 
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Painting is art to look at, sculpture is art you can 
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